Azuonwu Obioma1*, Igah Elizabeth Bomalaka1, Adebayo-Olajide2, Testimonies Chikanka, Reuben Edith3, Azuonwu Goodluck4, Poplong Angel Natasha5, John-Amadi Victory6 Sorbari, Vetty Agala7, Wokem Gloria Ngozika1
1Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Medical Bacteriology/Virology/Parasitology Unit, Rivers State University, Nkpolu–Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
2Departments of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Caleb University, Lagos, Nigeria
3Department of Human Physiology, College of Medicine, Rivers State University, Nkpolu–Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
4Department of Nursing, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Nigeria
5 Departments of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria
6 Department of Animal and Environmental Biology Rivers State University, Nkpolu–Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
7Department of Community Medicine, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Azuonwu, Obioma Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Nkpolu–Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria; Email: [email protected]
Received Date: March 10, 2023
Publication Date: April 12, 2023
Citation: Obioma A, et al. (2023). Potential Spatial Diversity of Pathogenic Intestinal Parasites in Dog’s Faecal Matter in Port Harcourt, Niger Delta: A Huge Source of Environmental Contamination Risk Outcome. Clin Res. 4(1):5.
Copyright: Obioma A, et al. © (2023).
Dogs have become a huge part of some homes where they serve as pets or for security. Humans who have them as pets are drawn to them and when these dogs die, their owners are emotionally down. However, in some cases, little or no attention is paid to the health of these dogs as when infected, thus, they could serve as potent reservoirs and vectors of human parasites as they continue to litter their faeces on our environment unabated. This study investigated the presence of intestinal parasites in the faecal matter of domestic dogs and will also highlight the public health implications of poor faecal matter waste handling in our environment. A total of 80 pet dogs that had their owners' consent were randomly recruited, through a cross-sectional research design. Their stool samples were collected aseptically and assayed for gastrointestinal parasites using standard parasitological techniques. The result revealed that the prevalence of parasites using the diethyl ether sedimentation method was 25.1% and the presence of Ancylostoma caninium (21.3%) and Toxocara canis (3.75%) was recorded after microscopy. Female dogs were most infected making up 15% of the total prevalence while male dogs made up 10%. Dogs aged 2-4 years recorded the highest prevalence with 37.5% while 13.8% of those greater than 4 years were infected. Also, the English Bulldog recorded a higher prevalence of 8.75% in comparison to other species sampled. The presence of these parasites in pets poses a public health risk to their owners and the community at large. Proper hygiene and management of these pets and their faecal matter will reduce the risks of parasitic infections, even as our environment would be safe from the heavy burden of environmental contamination of biological waste of Dogs faecal matter
Keywords: Dogs, Public Health Risk, Pets, Faecal Matter, Parasitic Zoonotic Infections, Environmental Contamination